In any engineering application, time plays an essential role. Be it keeping an eye on the reaction time or calculating the efficiency, measuring time accurately is very important in synchronizing different processes.
In any industrial process, we require transportation of chemicals over long distances. It would be promising if we could use the same mechanisms to measure time and reduce equipment. Chem-E-Tempore tries to accomplish that by giving you a challenging model-making competition to measure time without any electrical components and control a reaction using it.
Make a chemical/mechanical device which works in such a way that an exothermic chemical reaction automatically starts within stipulated time. The energy released should effectively heat the given water (500ml). The final temperature will be measured at the end of 5 minutes after the reaction starts.
The model should have the following components:
- A compartment/section to hold the reactants of the exothermic reaction.
- An automated mechanism (trigger mechanism) to start the reaction after 1 minute and before 3 minutes.
- A compartment where the water to be heated (V = 500ml) is housed with an opening through which a temperature sensor/thermometer can be inserted without any water spilling.
- The overall size of the model presented on the event day should be less than 400mm X 400mm X 800mm.
Restrictions on the chemicals:
- The exothermic reaction cannot involve any petroleum compounds or fossil fuels.
- Use of hazardous chemicals like dynamite, fireworks, mercuric chloride, white phosphorous and nitroglycerine, gunpowder, etc are not permitted.
- Poisonous gases like hydrogen cyanide, fluorine, bromine and chlorine etc. should not be emitted from the machine during the event.
- There should not be any flames in the model.
- For safety, at no point during the operation, the water should boil(to be heated) .
- The water to be heated should not be contaminated with any chemicals.
- Participants have to bring all the chemicals on their own. Only water will be provided on the event day.
Each team can have a maximum of 4 members. They need not be from the same institutions or departments.
No participant can register in more than one team.
Abstract Screening: Each team needs to send an abstract containing the following details, to be submitted in PDF format only.
- Name and contacts of the team members.*
- Team name.*
- (Optional) Properly labelled design of the model specifying the reactants used.
The design should include:
- Reactor vessel + Section where the water to be heated is kept.
- The mechanism to automatically start the reaction between 1-3 minutes.
- The overall design of the model including all components showing how all the different components fit in.
- The reaction used for heating.
Based on the abstract, teams will be selected for the final round on event day. A mail regarding your selection will be sent to you.
Final round on event day:
The winners of the competition will be decided based on the model presented on the event day and its performance. Also, the teams will be asked to give a brief overview of their model. Teams can use a copy of their submitted abstracts while giving the overview.
- Each team needs to send an abstract to ……… with the subject “Chem-E-Tempore”_<Your Team Name> latest by........
- Mention your e-mail ID and contact number to be used for contact. Mention the names of all the team members in the mail.
Q.1 When should the reaction start?
It should start automatically after a minute and within 3 minutes. The time will be measured using a stopwatch.
Q.2 What chemical reactions can I use?
Any non-toxic and non-flammable exothermic reaction will suffice. Here are a few examples:
- The catalytic decomposition of hydrogen peroxide using FeCl3, MnO2, etc.
- The reaction of Aluminium foil with water in the presence of bases like NaOH, KOH, Ca(OH)2, etc.
- Acid-base neutralization like HCl and NaOH, HNO3 and KOH, etc.
Q.3 Where can I get the chemicals?
For testing a chemical reaction, one can borrow the chemicals from the chemistry lab after taking due permission from the authorities.
For purchasing chemicals, shops are located near Hanamkonda Bus Stand. Zeal Chemicals, Aditya Chemicals, etc are some of them. Participants from colleges other than NIT Warangal will have to get their own chemicals.
Q.4 How do I make the reaction start within the given time?
One can use various mechanical or chemical mechanisms.
Say, if you have a liquid reactant. It can be placed above a thick and viscous liquid like honey in a syringe. A certain volume of honey can be emptied within 1-3 minutes. The reactant will start flowing through the syringe once the honey empties completely.
You can also use a pulley mechanism. A weight can be attached to one side of the pulley and to the other side a cork which is restricting the flow of the reactant. As the weight moves down the cork will unleash the reactant into the vessel.
Q.5 How much is the prize money and when will we get it?
Once the event is over, the participants will be awarded the certificates and the money. The prize money will be disclosed at the day of the event.
Q.6 What if one or more criteria specified in the rules' section are not met with?
Teams won't be disqualified for not keeping up with the restrictions, though marks may be deducted. The abstracts don't have to be very detailed. A basic idea of your model will be sufficient.